Emil Nolde (* 7 August 1867 as Emil Hansen in Nolde; † 13 April 1956 in Seebüll) was one of the leading German Expressionists. His colourful, expressive watercolours in particular left their mark on 20th-century German art.
Emil Hansen is born on 7 August 1867 in the village of Nolde. At the age of 35 he will change his name to Emil Nolde. This is seen as a personal, but also artistic commitment to his homeland and a landscape that shapes his entire oeuvre. In 1884 Emil Nolde began an apprenticeship as a wood sculptor, which was followed by an apprenticeship in industrial drawing at the Museum of Industry and Trade in St. Gallen from 1892 to 1897. In 1898 he began studying painting in Munich at Friedrich Fehr's school, but in 1899 he transferred to the Hölzel school in Dachau. In the same year the artist travels to Paris and enrols at the Académie Julien.
He returned to Germany and married Ada Vilstrup in 1902. In 1903 the couple moved to the Danish island of Alsen. His landscape and garden paintings increasingly gain colour, so that the artists' association "Brücke" encourages him to join. Nolde accepted this invitation in 1906, but left again in 1907. A year later Nolde joined the Berlin Secession, from which he was expelled in 1910 after a dispute with its president Max Liebermann. The artists' association "Neue Secession" was formed in Berlin, in whose ...
Nolde played a major role in its foundation. The artist spends the winter months with his wife in Berlin, where he mainly produces pictures of nightlife in Berlin and mask still lifes. In 1911 and 1912 he created the nine-part painting 'The Life of Christ'. His religious paintings bring him great attention, but public reactions differ greatly.
In 1913/14 Nolde undertakes a trip to the South Seas with his wife Ada, during which he creates numerous watercolours, paintings and smaller wooden sculptures. In 1916 the artist moves to Utenwarf and in 1920 accepts Danish citizenship, although he continues to feel German.
Berglandschaft, , watercolor on paper, 30,7 × 45,8 cm
Akte, zwei Frauen blass (vor dunklem Grund mit Blumen), , , 22,4 × 18,6 cm
Junge Frau, , watercolor on paper, 45,6 × 36,2 cm
Emil Nolde, Mann und Frau (Profil en face), 1921, , 57 × 70,5 cm
Haus auf einem Berg, , watercolor, 17,3 × 23,5 cm